The first web-based distance education programs at the K-12 began in the early 1990s. Unlike distance education and online learning in general, much less is known about virtual schooling – even less of which is based on systematic research. What is known is often based solely on practitioner experiences. Regardless, the growth and practice of virtual schooling has far outpaced the production of reliable and valid research. This paper will focus upon describing the evolution of K-12 online learning in Canada and the United States, how that evolution has impacted rural schools, and what lessons can be learned from the experiences with K-12 online learning.
Barbour, M. K. (2011). The promise and the reality: Exploring the research on virtual schooling. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 3433-3442). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.