The use of distance education at the primary and secondary levels began in New Zealand around 1922 with the introduction of The Correspondence School (Barbour, 2011a). The roots of web-based or online distance education in the schools sector trace back to 1993, and have been firmly entrenched in the nation’s schools sector since 2002 (Davis, 2010). With the implementation of the Rural Broadband Initiative and Ultra Fast Broadband in Schools programmes, there is an opportunity to develop research-based initiatives to leverage the learning potential provided by this increased connectivity. However, to date there has been little published research on the use of distance education in the primary and secondary environment in New Zealand.
Barbour, Michael K., Pratt, Keryn. "Primary and Secondary Distance Education: Expanding the Knowledge Base in the Schools Sector." Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning 17.1 (2013): i-iii.