Document Type

Presentation

Publication Date

January 1992

Abstract

O trabalho relata historia e analisa os conteudos de estudos do programa do Gymnasio Nacional (antigo Colegio pedro II), proposta na reforma educacioal de 1899 de Epitácio Pessoa. A reforma retomou a idéia de um curso único para o Colégio, abolindo, assim, os cursos Clássico e Realista do plano anterior. Reduziu de sete para seis anos o curso secundário, seguindo a orientação do Curso Clássico de curriculo de 1898, ao mesmo tempo defendendo estudos de caráter pratico e utlitario, e nao so propadeutico. Uma analise do numero de series, numero de disciplinas e carga horaria demonstra que o curriculo quebrou com o padrao existente no seculo XIX e efetivamente desvinculou-se das diretrizes estabelecidas em 1889 por Benjamin Constant.

The paper relates the history and analyzes the content of the curriculum of the National Gymnasium (formerly the College Pedro II), proposed in the 1899 educational reform of Epitácio Pessoa. The reform reinstituted a unified program for the college, thereby abolishing the Classical and Realist tracks of the previous curriculum. It reduced the duration of the program from seven to six years and in so doing emulated the 1898 Classical track. At the same, the curriculum adopted a more practical and utilitarian orientation to complement its propaedeutic function. The analyses of the disciplines and their instructional loads (number of instructional hours) shows that the curriculum broke with the pattern prevalent in the 19th Century and reversed the changes promoted in the 1890 reform of Benjamin Constant.