The Sensory Processing Measure–Preschool (SPM-P)—Part One: Description of the Tool and Its Use in the Preschool Environment

Document Type


Publication Date



School-based and early intervention occupational therapy evaluation is influenced by federal policy and prevailing ideas regarding best practice. Current best practice considers a child’s performance in appropriate contexts and natural environments, as well as the impact of the environment on occupational functioning and participation across settings. As a recent report suggested 3.4% to 15.6% of children in a community sample of 4-year-olds may demonstrate sensory processing difficulties, occupational therapists should be familiar with multiple methods of assessment to address these concerns. One such assessment tool, the Sensory Processing Measure–Preschool (SPM-P) for children 2- to 5-years old, provides 8 scaled scores: Vision, Hearing, Touch, Body Awareness, Balance and Motion, Total Sensory System Score, Planning and Ideas, and Social Participation. Through discussion on the development, usage, and implementation of both Home and School forms, this article illustrates how the SPM-P provides a mechanism for preschool educational teams to meet best practice initiatives.