The development and extensive cultivation of program music is one of the most distinctive expressions of Romanticism in nineteenth-century music. Neither song nor opera, program music emerged as a new genre in which composers attempted to express the affective essence of extra-musical ideas through purely instrumental means.
Lecture given at the Romanticism Past and Present Institute for secondary school faculty, sponsored by Sacred Heart University and the Connecticut Humanities Council. The writers of these essays had the specific task of selecting and presenting their material with secondary school faculty and their students in mind.
"Romanticism and Program Music,"
Sacred Heart University Review: Vol. 8
, Article 4.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.sacredheart.edu/shureview/vol8/iss1/4