The article discusses the development and testing of a network-based model of international clustering and foreign subsidiary performance in an attempt to determine how multinational companies (MNC) enter a foreign country to build their own foreign cluster. It focuses on the foreign peer network (FPN) to incorporate both the social and economic interactions within a cluster. An FPN is described as a set of social and economic relations among a group of foreign subsidiaries that are from the same home country and run same or similar businesses within a common geographic area in the host country. The initial condition of the FPN and its subsequent development is said to impose an imprinting effect on the subsidiaries' performance.
Jing'an, Tang. "International Clustering And Foreign Subsidiary Performance." Academy Of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings (2010): 1-6.