While workplace bullying often involves multiple perpetrators, limited research has investigated this important aspect of the phenomenon. In the present study, we explored the perceived severity and comparison of actual behaviors experienced when different perpetrators attack the target. Survey results showed that bullying by one’s supervisor is perceived to be more severe than bullying by a group of coworkers and that coworkers are more likely to bully when the supervisor bullies. When working as a group, bullies focus their attack on the target’s personal life rather than on his or her work life. Implications for research and practice are provided.
Meglich, P.A. and Gumbus, A. (2015). Alpha and omega: When bullies run in packs. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 22(4), 377–386. doi: 10.1177/1548051815594008