Title of Poster or Paper
Professor Wendy Bjerke
College and Major available
Exercise Science UG
4-20-2018 1:00 PM
4-20-2018 3:00 PM
The Impact of Gender on Depression Rates in Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients
Depression is one of the most predominant mental disorders among the Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) population. After an acute myocardial infarction, patients are three times more likely to suffer with depression than the general population, but the correlation between gender and depression rates has not yet been established.
To evaluate and compare the scoring of the psychosocial assessment questionnaire, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), between males and females among CR patients as well as detect and examine trends in CR patient depressive symptoms between the genders to gain a better understanding of CR patient’s needs for psychosocial services.
The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to assess depression pre and post CR among 30 CR patients between 2016 and 2017. This assessment took place at Griffin Hospital, a hospital based CR center in Connecticut. Monitored exercise, nutrition education and stress management education were all included in the CR sessions. Patients were assessed pre CR sessions and post CR sessions at 12 weeks after completion.
92% of women exhibited scores on the PHQ-9 questionnaire that were indicative of severe depression for both pre and post CR intervention, while only 65% of men showed scores indicative of severe depression pre CR and 83% showed severe depression scores post cardiac rehabilitation. A two sample t-test showed that females had significantly higher depression scores pre-test (p = 0.0114) as well as post-test (p =.0613).
Psychosocial variables are among the most important elements in cardiac rehabilitation patient assessment and need to be evaluated. Observations in this study support a closer investigation of the ways in which depression and other psychosocial disorders are assessed and which interventions need to be present to decrease the presence of the symptoms of these disorders. The results of this study proved that the prevalence of major depression is higher in females than in males, but more studies need to be performed because this topic warrants increased attention