The paper discusses the efforts of the Ministry of the Empire of Brazil to influence programs of studies in secondary schools that were subject to the exclusive authority of the provincial governments. The Court’s inability to directly affect education in the provinces during the Empire (1822-1889) can be attributed to the Additional Act, which amended the Brazilian constitution in 1834. From the founding of the College Pedro II, a model secondary institution in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, in 1837, to the founding of the Republic in 1889, the Imperial Court proposed a series of successful and unsuccessful measures to induce change in public and private provincial schools and thereby, indirectly, standardize secondary education throughout the country. Included within this narrative is the PowerPoint presentation given at ISCHE.
Karl M. Lorenz. 2013. Indirect Power and the Unification of Secondary Education in the Empire of Brazil: 1837-1889. Paper presented at the 35th Session of the International Standing Conference for the History of Education (ISCHE), Riga, Latvia
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