Benzene Removal by PAC in Jet Floccumation Systyem

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



A jet flocculator/powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption pilot plant was designed, built, and operated in order to evaluate a water treatment process capable of simultaneous adsorption of benzene and flocculation of PAC and silica clay particles. The jet flocculation/PAC system successfully combined, in the same reactor, flocculation of suspended solids by using jet mixing, solids retention using pall rings, and benzene removal by PAC adsorption. The advantages of this process included operational simplicity, reliability, and low energy consumption. The jet flocculator/PAC adsorption system was able to achieve suspended solids and benzene removals of approximately 80 and 95%, respectively, from an influent containing 70 mg/L of suspended solids (silica clay and PAC) and 100 μg/L of benzene.