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Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Biological sensors have been extensively investigated during the last few decades. Among the diverse facets of biosensing research, nanostructured metal oxides (NMOs) offer a plethora of potential benefits. In this article, we provide a thorough review on the sensor applications of NMOs such as glucose, cholesterol, urea, and uric acid. A detailed analysis of the literature is presented with organized tables elaborating the fundamental characteristics of sensors including the sensitivity, limit of detection, detection range, and stability parameters such as duration, relative standard deviation, and retention. Further analysis was provided through an innovative way of displaying the sensitivity and linear range of sensors in figures. As the unique properties of NMOs offer potential applications to various research fields, we believe this review is both timely and provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of NMO applications.


Epublication ahead of print 18 January 2019. Available for reuse under a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 licence after a 12 month embargo period.

Version posted will be the authors' accepted manuscript.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.



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