White Man's Black Man: Three Views

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Saul Bellow in Mr. Sammler s Planet (1969) , John Updike in Rabbit Redux (1971), and Bernard Malamud in The Tenants (1971) have all included blacks in their latest novels. These novelists, dealing primarily with the developing consciousness of their protagonists, also treat the public world of the 60's-70's. One of the elements of that American scene was a new intrusion of blacks upon the white consciousness. What is proposed here is to examine the roles played by Northern urban blacks appearing in these recent novels in order to see what the white authors have made of their black characters.