Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



theoretical orientation, treatment outcomes, counselor students

Subject Area

Counseling, Counselor Education, Mental Health Counseling


A MANCOVA was conducted to determine differences in client treatment outcomes based on counseling students’ theoretical orientations. Results indicated that at a training clinic, clients demonstrated statistically significant improvement and, students’ theoretical orientation did not significantly affect client outcomes. Pedagogical strategies are suggested for counselor educators and supervisors.



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