Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type

Empirical Research Article


school-based mental health, counselors-in-training, practicum, phenomenology, live supervision

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counselor Education, Mental Health Counseling


Counselor education programs often must choose between providing in vivo faculty supervision or a community-based setting. Programs that combine both elements have shown positive preliminary findings related to counselor development; however, the in-depth experiences of students in such programs have not been explored. This phenomenological study examined the lived experiences of counselors-in-training who participated in a school-based counseling practicum with in vivo faculty supervision. Researchers identified six themes, including continuum of support within relationships, operational challenges and concerns, needs and challenges of the community, working with children, expectations and realities, and counselor identity development. Implications for counselor education and research are provided.



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