Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



pedagogy, phenomenology, constructivism, epistemology

Subject Area

Counselor Education


This article clarifies how the epistemological issues of belief justification and truth values relate to counselor preparation methods. Exploring constructivism and phenomenology in detail as well as aspects of positivism relevant to counselor education, we highlight how specific philosophical assumptions about student learning inform counselor education. We propose that counselor educators and researchers may benefit from exploring phenomenology as a supplementary instructional approach to constructivism.



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