Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type

Empirical Research Article


counselors-in-training, experiential group training, group counseling, supervision

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counseling, Counselor Education


In this qualitative study, we explored 26 master’s level counseling students’ perceptions of their self-efficacy and group leadership development across three scaffolded group counseling experiences: (a) a first-semester membership in a counseling group led by a licensed counselor; (b) a third-semester membership, co-facilitation, and observation in a peer-led counseling group; and (c) a third semester co-facilitation of a counseling service group in a school or agency while participating in group supervision. Results revealed increased tolerance for ambiguity, appreciation for self-disclosure, an understanding of unique group facilitation skills, enhanced self-efficacy, and appreciation for observational learning coupled with supportive and constructive feedback.





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