Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



counselor education, cognitive complexity, training, development

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counselor Education


Cognitive complexity is a requisite skill for mental health professionals, as they routinely face complex, ambiguous tasks such as working within an evidence based practice framework in ways that bridge clients’ subjective experiences with relevant psychotherapeutic outcome research. Multiple models for conceptualizing and promoting cognitive complexity development in educational and supervisory settings have been articulated, and the similarities across these models is striking. The purpose of this article is to: 1) introduce readers to King and Kitchener’s (1994) Reflective Judgement model of educational development and 2) demonstrate the striking alignment between the Reflective Judgement model and prominent developmental models of supervision, with the aim of providing a seamless framework that spans educational and supervisory contexts.





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