Empirical Research Article
distance education, learning outcomes, social presence
Outcome research in online counselor education is lacking as is the focus on online teaching andragogy. To address this gap, the Community of Inquiry framework and social presence are discussed within the context of online learning in a counselor education program. Data were collected in a counselor education program in the mid-Atlantic comparing online and on-campus learning outcomes and perceptions of social presence in the classroom. On-campus learners had significantly higher perceptions of social presence when compared with online learners, although perceived level of social presence was not correlated with learning outcomes. Implications for counselor education are discussed.
Holmes, C. M., Reid, C., Hawley, C., & Wagner, C. (2020). Social Presence in Online Counselor Education. Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision, 13(4). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.sacredheart.edu/jcps/vol13/iss4/11