Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



APA, Advocacy, Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies, Counselor Training, Written Communication, American Psychological Association Style, Professional Voice, Writing Style

Subject Area

Addictions Counseling, Counselor Education, Mental Health Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling, School Counseling


Counselors-in-training are asked to write in a professional voice using APA style but rarely make the connection between the writing style and therapeutic or advocacy work. While the American Psychological Association’s (APA) Publication Manual presents didactic rules on form and style, it is not intended to provide professional context for the purpose of the adoption of the style. This manuscript draws parallels between the seventh edition of APA’s writing style and the four domains outlined in the Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies (Ratts et al., 2015) and concludes with a concise writing resource.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.