Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type

Empirical Research Article


Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Construct validity

Subject Area

Counseling, Counselor Education


The Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) is a commonly used overall measure of perceived spiritual quality of life. The SWBS has been demonstrated as a valid and reliable measure, however questions and concerns exist regarding its construct validity. Further, a paucity of empirical literature exists examining the construct of spiritual well-being within the counseling profession. Using data from a study with 415 master’s level counseling students, the authors examined goodness-of-fit for the SWBS of one, two, three, and five-factor models identified in the literature. Results indicated no model yielded good fit. Implications and future research are discussed.



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