Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



supervision, vicarious trauma, vicarious post traumatic growth, supervision strategies, trauma counselors

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counselor Education


Counselors working with clients who have experienced trauma may encounter a range of indirect trauma responses (i.e., vicarious trauma, compassion fatigue, and/or secondary traumatic stress). Alternatively, counselors may experience positive affects such as living life more fully, treating others differently, or becoming more emotionally expressive in their relationships due to indirect trauma exposure. The latter experience is called vicarious post traumatic growth and has implications for more positive counselor functioning and better client outcomes. In this article, we review four enabling factors of vicarious post traumatic growth to provide supervision strategies to address indirect trauma; meaning making, social interests, social support, and empathy. Following, we offer a retrospective case analysis to demonstrate these strategies to facilitate vicarious post traumatic growth and implication considerations.



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