Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



deliberate practice, coaching, mentoring, clinical competencies, counselor education

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counseling, Counselor Education, Higher Education Counseling


In the counselor education (CE) literature, there remains a paucity of available research on systematic methods to enhance counselors-in-training (CIT) clinical competencies. Currently, CIT report feeling not only ill-equipped in essential counseling competencies upon graduating, but they also indicate diminished self-efficacy before engaging in clinical work. Therefore, we propose the Deliberate Practice Coaching Framework (DPCF) to address these issues. This systematic framework integrates deliberate practice components and coaching, with a peer mentoring relationship, to help enhance CIT clinical competencies and skill development, as well as promote overall self-efficacy. We provide a case illustrating the application of the DPCF. We also discuss implications for the field and directions for future research.



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