Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



supervision, theory, development, counselor

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counselor Education


In this article, we discuss a meaningful synthesis of the integrated development model of supervision (McNeill & Stoltenberg, 2016) and cognitive-behavioral (Milne et al., 2011) supervision models that support supervisee development. First, we provide a review of the literature than a rationale for a new integrative model in addition to the specific interventions that can be used at each level of supervisee development. Finally, we discuss considerations for the model, including a case study, the new model’s strengths and limitations, and implications for the field of counselor education.

Keywords: supervision, counselor trainees, developmental, cognitive, integrative



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