Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



self-efficacy, counselor-in-training, online, skills

Subject Area

Counselor Education, Mental Health Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling, School Counseling


COVID-19 significantly changed the parameters and imaginations of those in higher education. Face-to-face courses swiftly transitioned to completely remote learning; though, that came with many anxieties in relation to students’ competency levels in practicing counseling skills. The results of this study found that students’ self-efficacy significantly increased after participating in an online skills course. A total of 39 graduate-level clinical mental health counseling students completed both the pre and post-test questionnaires, and findings showed that completing the online skills-based course was important in improving self-perception of increasing one’s skills, t(38) = -5.088, p < .000.



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