Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type

Empirical Research Article


classism, multicultural counseling, advocacy, counseling young adults

Subject Area

Counseling, Higher Education Counseling, Mental Health Counseling


Classism is a recently studied, but historically present, form of oppression. Despite much attention to inclusion of underrepresented clients in counseling literature, there has been little focus on the presence of classism in academic settings. In an effort to close this gap, a study of 202 individuals, aged 18 to 38, was conducted to explore the relationships among perceived classism, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Only 4.5% of the participants had never experienced any incidents of classism. African American individuals were more likely to experience interpersonal classism and working class/poor individuals were more likely to experience interpersonal and systemic classism. Recommendations for counselors, specifically, college counselors working with young adult students, facing classism are also discussed.



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