Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



counselor education, clinical supervision, doctoral students, counselors-in-training

Subject Area

Clinical Supervision, Counseling, Counselor Education, Rehabilitation Counseling


Counselor education doctoral students are often required to supervise master-level counselors-in-training as part of their supervision internship. While practical, this arrangement places doctoral students and their supervisees in potentially compromised situations, given their lack of experience in these respective roles. This article offers a toolbox of strategies doctoral student supervisors can use to facilitate their work with counselors-in-training. These strategies address focus areas identified through prior research. Doctoral student supervisors are encouraged to use this toolbox in conjunction with the support and guidance of their faculty supervisor as they navigate clinical supervision.



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