Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



Shame, Supervision, Supervisory Alliance, Supervisory Process, Counselor Development


This study examined the influence of trainee shame-proneness on the supervisory process. A longitudinal design was employed to measure alliance ratings and perceived session impact of 43 counselor trainees undergoing a 5-session supervision process. Analysis of covariance revealed a significant relationship between supervisee shame-proneness and supervisory working alliance F (4, 126) = 3.38, p = .0116. Independent samples t-tests revealed high shame-prone supervisees rated significantly lower impact t (41) = 2.53, p = .02, d = 1.1. Implications for the practice of supervision are discussed.



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