Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



counselor trainees, academic programs, clinical skills, counseling, impairment

Subject Area

Counseling, Counselor Education, Mental Health Counseling, School Counseling


Counseling programs are responsible for harm caused by their counselor trainees. This study examined the effect of participating in personal counseling on basic clinical skills using the Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory. This article discusses this study’s inconclusive results and implications for the development of counselors and counseling programs.





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