Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Document Type



counselor education, mindfulness, outcome effectiveness, supervision, therapeutic relationship

Subject Area

Counseling, Counselor Education


Counselor and client pairs from a university training clinic were analyzed, and therapeutic relationship was the strongest predictor of counseling outcome effectiveness as it progressed across time. In this quantitative study, therapeutic relationship accounted for 25% of the overall variance in outcome effectiveness. The results of this study support the idea that the therapeutic relationship is positively related to counseling outcomes and can be intentionally improved across time.





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