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In an era where economic policy must be increasingly fashioned in global terms, the economies of Indigenous Nations in present-day Canada and the United States remain isolated from international commerce.These nations--once independent, now governed by a supervising state --in most cases cannot be said to enjoy evenan unhindered access to commerce within the states that surround them. Indeed, the insularity of the North American Indigenous Nations is a fundamental feature of their existence and, too, a formidable barrier to these nations' ability to establish vibrant and diversified economies.

This Note examines the central role that trade played in relations between Indigenous Nations and the European powers historically, concluding that Indigenous Nations' historic loss of access to international trade contributed centrally to the impoverishment of indigenous economies and to these nations' loss of political autonomy.


Originally published:

Robert H. Berry III, Note, Indigenous Nations and International Trade, 24 BROOK. J. INT’L L. 239 (1998).



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