Hitchcock and The three Pleasure Gardens
Hitchcock's habit of referring to The Lodger (1926) as the first "Hitchcock film" has perhaps unduly distracted us from serious consideration of the first completed work that he directed on his own, The Pleasure Garden (1925), made at the Emelka Studios in Munich, Germany, with some sequences shot on location in Italy. It is mentioned in at least some detail by some critics but has not attracted extensive attention--less even than Hitchcock's other silent films, as a group the least noticed and watched of his films. And while it was based on a very popular novel, that text is even harder to come by than the film.
Gottlieb, S. (2011). Hitchcock and The three pleasure gardens. In R. Barton Palmer & David Boyd (Eds.). Hitchcock at the source: The auteur as adapter (pp. 33-46). State University of New York Press.