Assessing the Relationship of Spirituality on Health-Related Indicators in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Chairperson

Julie Stewart, DNP, MPH

Committee Member

Susan DeNisco, DNP


Description: According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2014) 9.3% of the population, or 29.1 million people in the United States are affected by diabetes. The number of persons being diagnosed with diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions. It is essential that coping methods are identified that will best assist the patient with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The influence of spirituality as an integral part of patient care is a consideration because accrediting bodies such as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JACHO, 2008) are including outpatient care as a setting that should support the spiritual assessment. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of spirituality on the health-related indicators of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), and total cholesterol in adults with T2D. Method/Study Design: In order to adequately assess the relationship of spirituality on health-related indicators, a descriptive correlational design was utilized by the principal investigator (PI). A convenience sample of participants was recruited at the initial or follow-up visit to the center. The Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) was administered to participants, along with a demographic information sheet. Five research questions addressed the relationship between spiritual well-being, health-related indicators, and demographics of the population studied. Research was conducted at an outpatient Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism. Protection for human subjects was respected through the use of informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) consent.


A practice dissertation presented to the faculty of the College of Nursing, Sacred Heart University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Nursing Practice.