Principles for Recovery-Orientation Inpatient Care

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Book Chapter

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This chapter defines and distinguishes between two related concepts of “recovery” in relation to serious mental illnesses and the provision of “recovery-oriented care.” With this distinction in place, the chapter then outlines four key principles for applying the principles of recovery-oriented care to inpatient psychiatry. This first principle is that it is the person’s own recovery, reframing the aim of inpatient care to preparing the person to manage his or her condition and life following discharge. The second principle that follows from this is that Recovery-oriented care needs to be person/family-centered and culturally responsive to be relevant to the person’s life. Given the high prevalence of trauma among persons with mental illness and the potentially traumatic nature of hospitalization itself, the third principle is that inpatient staff should anticipate, and welcome, trauma survivors through the provision of a safe, respectful, and collaborative environment. Finally, principle four is that the interdisciplinary team needs to be expanded to include the person him or herself, his or her identified family members, and the community-based providers who have worked with the person in the past and/or will work with the person following discharge. In closing, the respective role of each of these team members within the context of recovery-oriented inpatient care is described.