Case Presentation, Consultation, and Collaboration in Primary Practice
Preparing an oral case study presentation is an essential part of the education of nurse practitioners (NPs), but because of the burden of an overly prescribed curriculum and use of nonfaculty clinical preceptors, the art of the formal “oral presentation” is often a skill requirement that is neglected. According to the National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF), there are nine core competencies that outline specific guidelines for educational programs preparing NPs to implement the full scope of practice as licensed independent practitioners (NONPF, 2017). Several of the practice domains state the following goals should be achieved during the education of the nurse practitioner:
- Critically analyzes data and evidence for improving advanced nursing practice
- Communicates practice knowledge effectively both orally and in writing
- Uses advanced health assessment skills to differentiate between normal, variations of normal, and abnormal findings
NONPF also purports that these competencies are acquired through mentored patient care experiences, with an emphasis on independent and interprofessional practice; providing evidence-based, patient-centered care across settings; and acquiring advanced knowledge of the healthcare delivery system (NONPF, 2017). Efforts to construct frameworks to help both medical and nursing students create (and teachers evaluate) oral case presentations presume that nursing and medical educators share mutual expectations for presentations (Green, 2011). The oral case presentation skill is at the heart of interprofessional communication. It allows the nurse practitioner to succinctly convey a clear, organized analysis of a patient’s health problem(s) to another provider in order to develop an effective management plan. The case presentation also serves as a method for clinical preceptors and peers to assess the level of expertise a practitioner has regarding a particular problem and to evaluate the assessment and management portion of that patient’s care. Lastly, a clearly communicated case presentation enables the nurse practitioner to get a more experienced clinician’s opinion about a patient in an efficient, cost-effective manner (Coralli, 2006).
DeNisco, S. M., & Rosenbloom, S. (2023). In S. M. DeNisco (Ed.), Role development for the nurse practitioner (3rd ed., pp. 255-276). Jones & Bartlett Learning.