Self-Transcendence and Medication Adherence in Older Adults With Hypertension

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-transcendence and medication adherence among older adults prescribed antihypertensive medication. Design: Descriptive, correlational research design. Method: Forty-six older adults who were prescribed antihypertensive medications from an independent living facility participated in this study. Participants were given a survey that included a demographic questionnaire, the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, and Reed’s Self-Transcendence Scale. Findings: No significant relationship was found between medication adherence and self-transcendence (r = −.20, p = .18). Ninety percent of the participants however, admitted to cutting back or stopping their medication without notifying their providers. Conclusion: Continued investigation is needed to identify reasons why older adults fail to adhere to taking prescribed hypertension medications in order to improve health outcomes in this population.