Importance The international phase 3 EMPOWUR trial demonstrated efficacy and safety of vibegron, a newer b3-adrenergic receptor agonist, in adults with overactive bladder (OAB). Women are disproportionately affected by OAB, especially those with bothersome symptoms, such as urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Objective This subgroup analysis from EMPOWUR assessed efficacy and safety of vibegron in women. Study Design In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomized 5:5:4 to 12 weeks of treatment with once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4-mg extended release. Efficacy end points included change from baseline at week 12 in mean daily number of micturitions, UUI episodes, and urgency episodes. Safety was assessed through adverse events (AEs). Results Of the patients included in the analysis, 1286 (84.9%) were women (vibegron, n = 463; placebo, n = 459; tolterodine, n = 364). At week 12, women receiving vibegron showed significant reductions (95% confidence intervals of least squares mean differences does not include 0) from baseline versus placebo in mean daily micturitions, UUI episodes, and urgency episodes, with least squares mean differences (95% confidence intervals) of −0.5 (−0.8 to −0.2), −0.7 (−1.0 to −0.4), and −0.8 (−1.3 to −0.4), respectively. Treatment-emergent AE incidence was similar with vibegron (39%) and placebo (35%); the most common AE with incidence higher with vibegron (4.3%) than placebo (2.6%) was headache. Conclusions In this subgroup analysis, women receiving vibegron showed significant reductions in key efficacy end points versus placebo and favorable safety profile, consistent with the overall results from EMPOWUR, suggesting that vibegron is efficacious and safe for the treatment of OAB in this patient population.
Newman, D., Thomas, E., Greene, H., Haag-Molkenteller, C., & Varano, S. (2023). Efficacy and safety of vibegron for the treatment of overactive bladder in women: A subgroup analysis from the double-blind, randomized, controlled EMPOWUR trial. Urogynecology, 29(1), 48-57. https://doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000001258
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