Mycobacterium infections are a global concern. The Mycobacterium genus’s 3 major groups of human pathogens include Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC), Mycobacterium leprae, and nontuberculosis mycobacteria. The most clinically relevant pathogen and the cause of the disease, tuberculosis (TB), is M tuberculosis (Mtb), a member of the MTC. These species are all small, aerobic, acid-fast bacilli (AFB) and classified as fast- or slow-growers.
Ware, C., Yoon, H., & Nemec, E.C. (2003). Mycobaterial diseases. Physician Assistant Clinics, 8(3), 453-465. Doi: 10.1016/j.cpha.2023.02.006
Chelsea Ware is a student in the Physician Assistant graduate program at Sacred Heart University.