Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Response to Posteriorly Directed Pressure Applied to the Cervical Spine in Young, Pain-free Individuals: A Randomized, Repeated-Measures, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

Emmanuel Yung, Sacred Heart University
Michael Wong, Azusa Pacific University
Kyle Mache, Avail Physical Therapy
Williams Haddie, Intermountain Physical Therapy

JOSPT Brief Report.


Objectives: To compare the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) response of healthy volunteers to posteriorly directed (anterior-toposterior [AP]) pressure applied to the cervical spine versus placebo