Understanding Newborn Behavior and Early Relationships: The Newborn Behavior Observations (NBO) System Handbook

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Physical Therapy


Giving infants a "voice" helps parents understand their baby's unique strengths and needs. This observational tool and handbook gives clinicians a systematic way to help parents respond with confidence to their newborn's individual needs--and build a positive parent-professional relationship in the process. Flexible, easy to integrate into everyday practice, and based on more than 25 years of research and clinical experience, this system includes a short, easy-to-use, interactive observational tool. With the Newborn Behavioral Observations (NBO) system, clinicians will have a structured set of 18 observations for infants from birth to approximately 3 months of age. Including parents as partners, professionals guide the observation, discuss the infant's abilities and behaviors with the parents, encourage parents' insights and questions, and suggest specific ways to support the child's development. This book also provides a complete guide to the NBO, including realistic case studies, step-by-step how-to instructions, and color photos illustrating each NBO item. More than a tool, this handbook helps clinicians improve their daily work by providing in-depth information on infant development, cultural competence, premature and at-risk infants, family-centered care, and more.