Using a Valid and Reliable Measure to Assess Clinical Instructor Self-perception of Teaching Behaviors

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Introduction. The purpose of this study was to 1) use the Clinical Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (CTEQ) to determine the self-perception of clinical teaching effectiveness (CTE) with a current sample of clinical instructors (CIs) and 2) determine if a relationship exists between CI characteristics and self-perceived ratings.

Methods. A cross-sectional study was completed with a convenience sample of 194 physical therapists who served as CIs for 2 universities in the Northeast. Participants completed demographic data and the 30-item CTEQ, a valid and reliable tool, consisting of 4 sections with 8 subscales. Data were reported descriptively, and Mann–Whitney U tests were completed to determine significant relationships between CI characteristics and the CTEQ subscales.

Results. Overall, CIs agreed they were effective clinical teachers. Analysis revealed significant differences in scoring on the subscales of the CTEQ based on curricular model of the program from which the CI graduated, American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) membership, number of students supervised, APTA Advanced CI Credentialing, experience in a teaching role, highest degree earned, and Center Coordinator of Clinical Education role.

Discussion and Conclusion. The CTEQ provides a preliminary valid measure for assessing CTE in physical therapy practice. Multiple factors were discovered to have an influence on CI's self-perception of clinical teaching using the CTEQ. Notably, the long-term impact of problem-based learning curricula were associated with identification of student learning domains and total score on the CTEQ, adding new information regarding curricular influence on CIs' self-perception of CTE. The CTEQ can be used by academic programs and clinical sites to develop strategies to better prepare CIs delivery of high-quality clinical education experiences.


Published online first, September 13, 2018.




Journal of Physical Therapy Education






Wolters Kluwer