Knowledge Translation Intervention Increased the Use of Outcome Measures by Physical Therapists in Inpatient Rehabilitation
Background and Purpose: Outcome measures (OMs) have been emphasized by healthcare professions to optimize patient examination; however, a lack of regular use of OMs exists. The purpose of this study was to describe the outcome of a knowledge translation (KT) intervention to increase the use of OMs by physical therapists in an inpatient rehabilitation setting.
Methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post study design was used. A multi-component KT intervention including education, organizational support, documentation, and environmental changes to increase the use of five OMs was implemented. Audit and feedback (A&F) was added to the KT intervention at month 6. Documented use of OMs was determined through manual chart audit (n = 864) and electronically (n = 2599). Regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with OMs use across time and diagnoses.
Results: Following the addition of A&F to the KT intervention at month 6, there was a significant increase in the odds of OMs use across all time intervals (months 6–12, 12–18, 18–24)(Odds Ratio (OR) 5.9, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 4.1–8.5; OR 8.5, 95% CI 6.0–12.1; OR 10.8, 95% CI 7.6–15). There was also a significant increase in the odds of documenting OMs on individuals with neurological diagnoses (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.5–0.8).
Conclusions: This KT intervention increased and sustained OMs use over 24-months. This intervention can be replicated to improve the evidence-based practices of physical therapists.
Romney, W., Wormley, M., Veneri, D., Oberlander, A., Grevelding, P., Rice, J., & Moore, J. (2022). Knowledge translation intervention increased the use of outcome measures by physical therapists in inpatient rehabilitation. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 38(12), 2019-2028. Doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2021.1898065
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Taylor & Francis
Published online: 12 Mar 2021.