Title

Management of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in an Adult With Down Syndrome Using a Modified Pain Neuroscience Approach: A Case Report

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2022

Abstract

Background

The use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain is well documented in the literature for the adult population. However, the use of this component within the larger biopsychosocial approach has not been examined in adults with intellectual disabilities. The purpose of this case report is to describe the utilization of a PNE approach combined with exercise in the physical therapy management of chronic musculoskeletal pain in an adult with Down syndrome.

Case Description

The patient was a 40-year-old man with Down syndrome who presented with chronic low back pain that affected his sleep, participation at work, and social activities. Modified metaphors were used to assist the patient in understanding his pain experience as part of a multi-modal program that included exercise and aquatic therapy.

Outcomes

Upon concluding 11 weeks of treatment, the patient returned to his prior work schedule and social activities with a pain rating at worst of 3/10 on the numeric pain rating scale with only occasional pain episodes. His disability score on the Oswestry Disability Index improved by 39% relative to baseline.

Discussion

The findings demonstrate how utilizing PNE within a physical therapy plan of care was used in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain to improve function in an adult with Down syndrome.

Comments

Advance online publication 01 Jul 2022.

DOI

10.1080/09593985.2022.2095682

PMID

35775495

Publication

Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

Publisher

Taylor & Francis


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