Physical and Occupational Therapists' Perceptions of Sustainablity of a Knowledge Translation Intervention to Improve the Use of Outcome Measures in Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Qualitative Study

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Purpose: To assess the perceptions, barriers, and facilitators of sustaining the use of outcome measures of physical and occupational therapists following a three-year knowledge translation intervention.

Methods: A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted at an inpatient rehabilitation hospital on 13 clinicians (6 physical therapists and 7 occupational therapists) participating in the knowledge translation intervention. Data collection used semi-structured interviewing during three focus groups to understand the lived experience of clinicians participating in the knowledge translation project. Data were analyzed using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) codebook.

Results: Two investigators coded twelve CFIR constructs into barriers and facilitators for outcome measure use. Four key themes emerged as determinants for outcome measures use: (1) Organizational support and clinician engagement; (2) the knowledge translation intervention; (3) the outcome measures themselves; and (4) the patients. Clinicians reported using outcome measures for patient education, treatment planning, and goal setting, while they found other outcome measures lacked functional significance. Facilitators included organizational support, access to knowledge, ongoing training, and clinician engagement. Ongoing barriers included the need for more training and the need to select different tests.

Conclusions: This study found proper selection of outcomes measures is important and attributed the sustainability of the knowledge translation intervention to organizational support, clinician engagement and ongoing training. The clinicians wanted continued training to overcome new barriers. Barriers identified in this study were unique to the typical barriers identified for outcome measure use. Ongoing barrier assessments are needed for continued refinement of knowledge translation interventions to enhance sustainability.


Online ahead of print, Nov 15, 2023






Quality of Life Research : An International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation