Examines the relationship between the notion of habit according to philosopher Charles S. Peirce and philosopher Duns Scotus' understanding of the real essence. Problems raised by both scholars regarding their concepts; Comparison of the philosophy of Peirce and Scotus; Criticism of Peirce on Scotus' metaphysics.
Raposa, M.L. (1984). Habits and Essences. Transactions Of The Charles S. Peirce Society, 20(2), 147-167.