With Paternal Concern: 'Fathers' Theodulf and Alcuin and the Spirituality of Carolingian Women

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

Summer 2006


It is commonly accepted that the inestimable Charlemagne surrounded himself with a court of international scholars and churchmen, individuals who would become the intellectual mentors and administrative architects of the revitalized Christian oikumene he was attempting to establish. His strategy of organization was based upon a deliberate program of coherent standardization: the codification of religious practices, the systematization of doctrinal instruction, and the establishment of a imperial judiciary that would incorporate even the general swath of the empire's population.