At the dawn of philosophy, Thales marveled or, perhaps, despaired: "All things are full of gods."Today, we are living through the final phase of the centuries-long "changing of the gods": technology has superseded philosophy; men are playing gods in place of gods acting as men. My remarks will fall into three areas: first, ancient philosophy, that is, the bearing of the pagan gods on the birth of philosophy; second, the development of modern philosophy out of medieval theological categories, that is, the bearing of the Christian God on the birth of modern science; third, by way of conclusion, our contemporary situation, that is, our "problematic" status as "gods without God."

This paper was first delivered as part of a Symposium at Sacred Heart University on "The Catholic Tradition: The Rocky Road to Modernity," held on March 25, 1988.



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