Perceptions of School Climate: The Role of Extracurricular Activities

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



School climate has been defined as the quality and character of school life and is based on patterns of student, parent and school personnel experiences. School climate reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizational structures. While different models of school climate have been proposed, common dimensions include safety, relational, and environmental components. School climate has gained significant attention as a way to promote safer and more supportive schools.


Book chapter in Pathways to Belonging: Contemporary Perspectives of School Belonging.

ISBN 9789004386570 (paperback); 9789004386594 (hardcover)