Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Background: The goal of vocal fold wound healing is the reconstitution of functional tissue, including a structurally and functionally intact epithelium. Mechanisms underlying reepithelialization in vocal folds are not known, although it is suspected that healing involves the interplay between several growth factors. We used a three-dimensional human embryonic stem cell-derived model of vocal fold mucosa to examine the effects of one growth factor, exogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF), on wound healing. Materials and methods: A scratch wound was created in the in vitro model. Rate of wound healing, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation, and cell proliferation after injury were analyzed with and without application of both exogenous EGF and an EGFR inhibitor, gefitinib. Results: Wound repair after injury was significantly hastened by application of exogenous EGF (13.3 μm/h, ±2.63) compared with absence of exogenous EGF (7.1 μm/h ±2.84), but inhibited with concurrent addition of Gefitinib (5.2 μm/h, ±2.23), indicating that EGF mediates wound healing in an EGFR-dependent manner. Immunohistochemistry revealed that EGFR activation occurred only in the presence of exogenous EGF. Although not statistically significant, increased density of Ki67 staining in the epithelium adjacent to the scratch wound was observed after treatment with EGF, suggesting a tendency for exogenous EGF to increase epithelial cell proliferation. Conclusions: Exogenous EGF increases the rate of wound healing in an EGFR-dependent manner in a three-dimensional stem cell-derived model of vocal fold mucosa. This model of wound healing can be used to gain insight into the mechanisms that regulate vocal fold epithelial repair after injury.


Version posted is the HHS Public Access Author manuscript; available in PMC 2016 July 01. Published in its final edited version as:

J Surg Res. 2015 July ; 197(1): 32–38. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2015.02.066.






Journal of Surgical Research









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