Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



This last of the four case studies is adapted from a working paper completed by Rhea Paul. It was one of the first attempts to use the NPA procedure as a research tool. This extended case study is more lengthy than the previous three case studies and organized differently. It is included here because it nicely illustrates the discovery procedures that clinical researchers must undertake to more fully understand associations between speech and language.


Published: Paul, Rhea. "Case Study #4: Kirk". Natural Process Analysis: A Procedure for Phonological Analysis of Continuous Speech Samples. Eds. Lawrence D. Shriberg and Joan Kwiatkowski. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980.


9780471078937 (pbk.)


Procedures for natural process analysis (NPA) of continuous speech samples: NPA application manual

Place of Publication

New York


John Wiley & Sons



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