Professor Matthew Moran

Course Name

Functional Gait Analysis

Course Number

EX 361

Document Type


Publication Date



One of the most popular sports in the world is running. Nearly 17 million people in the United States alone crossed finish lines in road races in 2017.1 Unfortunately, there is an extremely high rate of running related injuries (RRI) that prevent or hinder individuals from training and competing. A 2007 systematic review revealed that the incidence of lower extremity running related injuries ranges from 19.4% to 79.3%.2 Orthotics are frequently prescribed as a conservative treatment option for various injuries such as plantar fasciitis (PF), patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), and stress fractures. Although commonly prescribed, the research on the mechanisms of orthotics and their effectiveness is convoluted and conflicting. The following paper aims to examine the following question: Does the current literature on orthotics and running kinematics/kinetics support the prescription/recommendation of custom or off-the-shelf orthotics for common running related injuries such as MTSS, PF, and PFPS?

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.